Plastic is Fantastic !!!
A brief history of plastic
- 1844 - Patents of the vulcanisation of rubber deposited by Thomas Hancock (in the UK) first, then Charles Goodyear (in the US)
- 1872 - PVC was accidentally invented
- 1889 - Eastman Kodak successfully patented the celluloid film
- and a few more...
- 1941 - Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is discovered in Britain and expanded polystyrene is first produced
- 1950 - DuPont begins the manufacture of polyester.
- 1951 - Polymerized propylene for the first time to produce polypropylene
- 1953 - Polycarbonate independently developed
- 1954 - Polypropylene was discovered by Giulio Natta with production starting in 1957
- 1954 - Expanded polystyrene, used for building insulation, packaging, and cup was invented by Dow Chemical.
- 1957 - Italian firm Montecatini begin large-scale commercial production of isotactic polypropylene.
- 1960s - High-density polyethylene (or polythene) bottles are introduced to the market and soon replace glass bottles in most applications (soap, shampoo, detergent, chemicals, etc...).
The plastics situation today
- about 8 million metric tonnes (roughly 2.22%) are dumped into the oceans and seas around the globe every year
- only about 35 million metric tonnes (roughly 9.75%) is recycled
- thus, that's a whopping 90.25% (324 million metric tonnes) that is NOT recycled
- Incinerated: as per the statistic, this method only represents between 12-15%
- Burned in specialized incinerators with smoke filters to minimize air pollution,
- Or, burned outside in open fields (with no smoke filters) which is a major source of air pollution around
- Buried: probably the most common way to do it in most countries, representing about 80-90% of most waste including plastics
- Pilled up in opened fields becoming garbage landfills on which some people live and feed as they have no other alternative if they want to survive
- Pilled underground and covered with dirt/soil, usually used as landfills for agriculture
- Dumped in water: between 2-5% depending on the source
- Dumped in rivers and lakes, ending up in oceans and seas eventually
- Dumped in oceans and seas
|Total Plastic Production per sector - per year |
by ©LeDomduVin 2020
|Individually packed - wrapped fruit |
by ©LeDomduVin 2020
The Packaging dilemma
|Shipping cartons with protective plastic packaging inside|
|Bottle wrapped in a net sleeve |
|Bubble Wrap ©LeDomduVin 2020|
|Small inflatable cushion bags |
- Fishnet sleeve (on each bottle)
- Bubble wrap (on top of the fishnet sleeve, on each bottle)
- Inflatable air column bubble cushion reusable protective sleeve (covering 1. & 2. for each bottle)
- Small inflatable cushion bags (to maintain 3. that has 1. and 2. already inside)
- The Carton box in which all the above come